First of 80 planned farm academies now open. Engr. 2. September 2008. Average agricultural yields for processing tomatoes have increased by 60% over the past twenty years. Tomatoes . The best time for planting tomato for seed production is October. From 10.26 MT per hectare in 2006, it grew to 11.57 MT per hectare in 2010. Average agricultural yields for processing tomatoes have increased by 60% over the past twenty years. 9. Increasing Multi-K ® application rates increases lycopene content of the tomato. It depends on location and terrain. If grafted tomato will be used, transplant the seedlings 3 cm deep to the hole and cover firmly with light soil. Tomato cultivars recommended for Pennsylvania are listed below. Factors Affecting Production. 4. Severe infestation of aphids results in the accumulation of their sweet and sticky substances on the infested plant parts, which serve as a medium for the growth of black molds that block the photosynthetic activity of the leaves. Another 1,148 Filipinos were reported to have contracted novel coronavirus by the health department on Tuesday, pushing the... Airlines boosted by new vaccine hope but Asia markets struggle. Wet the seedbed thoroughly before sowing. In 2019, the value of tomatoes produced in the Philippines was around 3.8 billion Philippine pesos. By using a carabao-drawn plow or hand hoe, cultivate in between rows of plants by off barring at 14-21 DAT. With an average yield per hectare of 3,218 kilograms in 2015, gross receipts amounted to P125,985. Average farm gate price of the variety is P25 to P30 per kilogram. For tomato with plastic mulch, water twice a week for the whole crop duration. Figure 9: The effect of K rate on the yield and quality of processing tomatoes Lycopene is an important constituent in tomatoes, as it enhances the resistance against cancer. fruits. Repeat spraying at 7-10 days interval or depending on level of insect population. It is a vector of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) that reduces yield. The average yield of eggplant per hectare in the Philippines is 9.95 tons, which is about half of the average yield in Asia and the world. Put seeds in a net bag and air dry them for 2-3 days before sun drying for 4-5 days. REASON: Impact bruises on the commodity can result in non-visible symptoms of deterioration manifested internally as brown to black discoloration in the seed area. Discard water together with the floated seeds leaving the good seeds that settled at the bottom of the pail. Remove bruised and damaged fruits. For large plantation, mulch with black plastic. July 7, 2008. Subscribers lost internet access at 1:10 p.m. due to “issues in our Data Center,” Converge said in an advisory.... Coronavirus cases in the Philippines exceed 410,000. Practice good drainage and use large dose of organic manure. 4. Grow 30 to 50 roots for a household of 2 to 4 people. How to Benefit from Multichannel World for Your Business, Know the best designs and most common benefits of rounded corner business cards, 10 Points of Protocol for a Promotional Video, 10 Notable Online Video Makers That is Sure to Give Your Business an Edge, Cost-effective Techniques to Promote Your eCommerce Business in 2020, Halo-Halo: Business and Recipe for Success, San Miguel Purefoods’ Franchising Opportunity, Dealer of Softdrinks, Beer, Cigarettes, Liquors, Prepaid Cards, TMV – Tomato Mosaic Virus. Give an isolation distance of 50 m for foundation seed (FS) production and 25 m for certified seed (CS) between varieties. and weighing 130 grams. Apply 10 to 15 tons of manure per hectare. Brazil 7. 2. Mulch with rice straw during dry season. 8. Harvest fruits intended for future use at matured green stage at 1-2 months during rainy season. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. space. Production Statistics .  After all costs were deducted, net … Or spray the plant with fresh malunggay leaf extract at a ratio of 1:4 malunggay extract to water. Do not cover the grafted part to avoid infection. 4. He planted other hybrid tomatoes available in the market in the rest of his farm to compare the plant types’ performances. The cost of production per acre can be high and can present complex problems to the grower, who must be knowledgeable about soils, fertilizers, pest control, harvesting, marketing and other record … Spray decoction of serpentina 10ml extract per 16 L water. Drench the seedbeds with Vitigran Blue at the rate of 1 tbsp/gal of water once damping-off is observed. The symptom appears as target-like spots on the leaves. Recommended Varieties. Root knot nematode – This parasitic nematode (Melodogyne incognita) attacks the roots of tomato that results in the formation of knots and galls on the roots. The tomato markets in Italy and selected EU countries From the presentation made by Francesco Mutti (CEO, Mutti), during the Tomato News Online Conference held on 17 November 17 2020. Store green-mature fruits (in small amounts) in moist sawdust. ABC has its own research and breeding station in Tayug, Pangasinan, situated 195 kilometers northeast of Manila. Required fields are marked *. If plants show signs of yellowing, apply sidedressing or … Rapid rice grain dryer picked as best invention. (FAOSTAT, 2001). To protect the seedlings from heavy rains, place plastic roofing. Maximum off-types and diseased plants permitted is 0.1 % each only. Present world production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from 3.7 million ha. Arugula. 15. For oven drying, dry seeds initially to no more than 30°C, and increase it to 40°C as the seeds dry. Apply 2-3 tons dried animal manure per hectare while preparing the field. Carinan noted that because of the immense weight of the Atlas fruits, all the trellises he used went down. Fruits infected with bacterial spots are considered non-marketable. Philstar Global Corp. All Rights Reserved. For thrips, mites, leafhopper and white fly, practice overhead irrigation. 1. 3. This site uses cookies. Open Academy for Philippine Agriculture. 1. Yields that a commercial grower may expect from the main vegetable crops grown, divided according to the above categories, are suggested in the following table. 8. Advanced symptom is browning of the inner parts of the stem, wilting of the plant before it dies. Cover the seeds lightly with fine soil. For hill method of planting, after basal fertilization with organic and/or inorganic fertilizers, sow 2-3 seeds per hill with a distance of … Sow the seeds in small shallow furrows at 20-30 g/10 m2. Plant tomato after rice and plant other crops after tomato (crop rotation). 4. Nigeria will be sufficient in the production of tin tomato pastes by 2013 as production of Tomatoes will grow by 1000 per cent in Kano, the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Governor, Lamido Sanusi said. Swaziland to assess the effects of organic fertilizers on yield and quality of lettuce grown in river sand. love it I'm partly satisfied with the info. Spray as soon as symptoms are observed. Spray on leaves and fruits of tomato once a week. 4. 2. Carinan first tried Atlas after learning about it through an advertisement in an agricultural magazine. Tomato requires warm weather and plenty of sunshine or a relatively long season to produce profitable yields. REASON: Harvesting of immature fruits results in irregularly ripened and poor quality fruits while picking beyond the optimum stage of maturity renders them unsuitable for long-distance shipment. Yield 12 buds per plant after the first year. Repeat if required. Leaf mold – The causal organism of this disease is Cladosporium fulvum Cooke. The best time for planting tomato for seed production is October. For the next half, transplant on the left side of the furrows. Treat the seeds with 5% lime solution than subject to 50°C for two hours; air dry the seeds before sowing. This is followed by another 2ha tomato crop in January, which is harvested by April/May. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is the second most important vegetable crop next to potato. Commercial yields of vegetable crops. Pack only clean, disease-, insect- and injury-free tomatoes. To ensure uniform germination of the seeds, saturate the seedbed with water for the first three days using sprinkler until the seeds emerge. It was close to 52 metric tonnes per hectare (mT/ha) worldwide in 1997, but average productivity amounted to about 83 mT last year. Tomato cultivars recommended for Pennsylvania are listed below. According to them, the highest yield of tomato hybrid species in other plants has been recorded up to 15 kg. Use bamboo or ipil-ipil poles as post. Where the growing season is short and earliness is desired, sand or sandy loamy soils are preferred. Under severe infection, the plant may succumb to death. 19. http://www.openacademy.ph/. and G. Martin) Sor. Replant missing hills 5-7 days after transplanting. He devoted 1.25 ha of his three-hectare farm to the new variety. All cultivars are listed in order of maturity (early to late.) Spray when the first cluster is well formed. Space plants 6 inches apart. Tomato requires warm weather and plenty of sunshine or a relatively long season to produce profitable yields. REASON: Injuries incurred during harvesting serve as avenue for entry of microorganisms, hasten water loss and speed up the ripening process. For easier off-barring, use a carabao-drawn plow. It invades the roots of tomato then progresses to the vascular bundle where it interferes with the translocation of nutrients and water. Today, for growers in Mediterranean climate areas, a harvest of 300 tonnes per hectare is not unusual. * Seedling tray method needs only 100 g seeds/ha or 10 g for 1000 m2. It also acts as a vector of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) that causes yellowing and curling of tomato leaves resulting in stunted plants with aborted flower and fewer fruits. tomato cultivars (Redstone, Flat, Peto Pride and Chief) was assessed in this research. Sow 80-100 seeds in every 50 cm row (150-200 g of seeds are needed per hectare). All Rights Reserved. There are two methods of seedling production: the use of seedbed and seedling trays. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. To prevent this disease, spray a decoction of guava, star apple and avocado (done by boiling 1 kg leaves of each in 3 gallons of water for 5 minutes). F 1 hybrids can be used for high yield and uniform fruiting. 4. If possible, hand water the plants early in the morning or late in the afternoon with 1 L/plant every week at vegetative stage and 2 L/plant every two weeks at fruiting stage for clay loam soil. Spot-weed at the surrounding of the seedlings after each off-barring and hilling-up if there are standing weeds. They feed by scraping the surface of the leaves until it has been skeletonized. Filipinos forced back home by pandemic top 254,000 — DFA, Converge network outage disconnects thousands. In hilly areas, plant tomato from September to January. A foliar fertilizer may also be used. The plants even reached six feet while the other varieties either died or did not grow beyond four feet. Store ripe fruits separately from unripe ones. * To produce hard seedlings, water the seedbed only when plants show temporary wilting (this can be observed in the morning) and repeat regularly starting at 14 DAE until the seedlings are ready for transplanting, which is at 25-30 DAE. For stronger concentration, restore 1 gallon decoction to 16 L water with 1 tbsp sticker. Plant resistant varieties. "We have no money for that ... massive testing in evacuation centers. 1 week before transplanting, harden the seedlings by gradually reducing the amount and frequency of watering until the seedlings experience temporary wilting. Off-bar and hill-up the soil to prevent the weeds. Dip a fine-holed strainer and rub seeds gently into the strainer to remove the coating. 2. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is the second most important vegetable crop next to potato. 3-5 days fater germination, prick the seedlings by transferring them into a tray or seedbox to allow more space between seedlings and prevent damping-off. Tomatoes are an annual vegetable that takes around 75 days from transplanting to first harvest. 4. Avoid surface irrigation. * Third : at vegetative stage (21 DAT), water at 1 L/hill. Care and maintenance of seedlings is the same as in seedbed, but transplanting shock is minimized in tray method. During severe infections, the leaves turn brown and die resulting in reduced flowering and fruiting span of the plant. The other tomato varieties, by then, had been dead. For broccoli, kale, and similar greens, the yield estimates/ft2 from both studies are in a narrow range of about 0.3-0.75 lb/ft2. Expected bush bean average yields are nearly identical. Subscribers lost internet access at 1:10 p.m. due to “issues in our Data Center,” Converge said in an advisory. ‘Kampana’ 133 Hybrid – It is a big fruited, high yielding sweet pepper variety that adapts well in mid to high elevation areas. To break breediness, PCARRD advised that hens should be bathed in cold water as soon as natural incubation is completed and the chicks are separated from the mother hens. 3. Statistics show that native plus improved chickens constitute 54 percent of the country’s poultry population of approximately 135 million. Asparagus. Only a few years ago, a yield of 100 tonnes per hectare of tomato in a greenhouse was considered a good performance. Do it twice a week. The Average Yield of a Tomato Plant. Drench infected soil with 5% solution of zonrox then expose to sunlight. 5. Drench the newly pricked seedlings with fungicide solution to prevent damping-off. Transplant seedlings at a spacing of 0.50 m between hills and 1.0 m or 0.75 m on rows or furrow right after irrigation water run in the furrows. Press the soil gently around the base of the seedlings. For broccoli, kale, and similar greens, the yield estimates/ft2 from both studies are in a narrow range of about 0.3-0.75 lb/ft2. It depends on location and terrain. In the absence of seedling tray or seedbox, use paper pots (rolled), “lukong” or rolled banana leaves, and plastic bags. The Department of Agriculture and American firm Corteva Agriscience inaugurated the first of 80 planned rice and corn educational farms to be put up in the Philippines. How to Start A Business Using Your Backyard? D. Planting. Thrips (Frankiniella occidentalis) are minute pests that suck the leaves of the tomato. Blossom end rot – The primary symptom of this physiological disorder is calcium deficiency, which is characterized by dry rot with water-soaked appearance at the blossom end of the immature fruits, It later enlarges and turns into papery or leathery sunken brown to black rot upon infection of saprophytic fungi (secondary symptom). 1. 1. When cooled, mix the garden soil, fine sand and compost at the ratio of 3:1:1. REASON: Over-filled or loosely-packed containers will have a high percentage of injured fruits. To control worms at fruiting stage, spray neem seed extract at 200-300 ml/16 L or hot pepper fruit extract 100-200 ml/16 L. For cutworm, spray before twilight. Frequent harvesting sustains the production of more fruits. 1. The cost of pili nut production averaged P35,589 per hectare. At noon time, the temperature is high and exposure of the fruits to the sun will increase fruit temperature which hastens weight loss and ripening. Select healthy seedlings with 3-5 leaves 3-4 weeks after seedling emergence. Where the growing season is short and earliness is desired, sand or sandy loamy soils are preferred. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. For large yields, as the production of the crop for processing, silt loamy soils, clay loamy soils and loamy soils are ideal. "The first slide is quite a big job that has been done through Nielsen to try … (FAOSTAT, 2001). Seal well. As a disinfectant and as a preventive measure, spray 16 ml zonrox per/6 L of water or 1tbsp baking soda/16 L of water on the whole plant once a week. Water the seedbed daily (seedlings start to emerge 3-6 days from sowing). For large yields, as the production of the crop for processing, silt loamy soils, clay loamy soils and loamy soils are ideal. The plants continuously flowered for four months after transplanting. ; Caintic, C.C. Philippines 5. It is a high yielding variety that can yield as much 49 tons per hectare. Besides supplying the local markets, the production of greenhouse vegetables * To avoid breaking the stem of seedlings during transplanting on irrigated furrows, hold the roots with the thumb and forefinger then push towards the soil at 3-5 cm deep depending on the length of the stem. Space plants 4 to 6 feet apart. Many of our evacuation centers were also submerged, by the size of the river, by the amount of water that [came from] the river," Isabela Gov. Consequently, as with other cucurbits, good bee visitation in the morning is important, and it is recommended that 1 honeybee (Apis mellifera) beehives per acre is used (2 or more beehives per hectare). Cabbage is the winter crop, planted in late February for picking from June to October. Although technically a fruit, most people think of the tomato as a vegetable. The organic fertilizers used were (a) bounce back compost, (b) cattle manure and(c) chicken manure. Tomato, scientifically known as Lycopersicum esculentum Miller is an important and popular vegetable grown in many parts of the world. per acre). After laying a clutch of 10 to 12 eggs, native hens normally develop and show broody behavior, indicating readiness to incubate and hatch their eggs. Grow 30 to 50 roots for a household of 2 to 4 people. Matured green fruits gradually ripen in one month at room temperature. Broadcast chicken manure or organic fertilizer before land preparation or at final harrowing to fully incorporate the fertilizer into the soil (Table 2). 3. Increasing Multi-K ® application rates increases lycopene content of the tomato. The importance of good oral care in 2021, LIST: 5 things to look forward to in 2021 at Megaworld Lifestyle Malls, LIST: 5 reasons why this ASUS OLED laptop is an incredible gift this Christmas, 'Malasakit' and Filipino pride come together in Mega Global’s record-breaking Christmas Tree, 3 reasons why Paskong Pinoy is simply the best, ICYMI: This ‘Dati’ Christmas remix now features Gary V alongside Sam Concepcion, Tippy Dos Santos, Globe donates employee Christmas party funds to COVID-19, disaster beneficiaries, Community gardens can help feed people post-pandemic. 2. Aphids (Aphis gossypii) – The insect pest attacks tomato, cotton, and other crops by sucking the sap of the leaves and stem of the plant. Dust the surroundings of the seedbed with Sevin SP to control ants, and spray 1 tbsp of Vitigran Blue per gallon of water to avoid infection of damping-off. To control these disease spray the leaves with zinc oxide power at 2-3 tbsp/16 L water (with 1 tbsp sticker during wet season). Tomato Production 2 Everglade. Burn infected plant residues after harvest. To drove other pests spray 100-200 ml pure tubai leaf extract/16 L of water on the plants alternate it with spraying karot tuber extract (100-200 ml tuber extract per 16 L water). control, soil solarization etc. Copyright © 2020. Nigeria will be sufficient in the production of tin tomato pastes by 2013 as production of Tomatoes will grow by 1000 per cent in Kano, the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Governor, Lamido Sanusi said. Experiment to yield per hectare in 2010 watering until the seedlings experience temporary wilting pink-blushed fruits early in absence... Continuously flowered for four months after transplanting ( DAT ) water at 1 L/hill two... Four feet planting density with 25974 plants per Person, and similar greens the... Love and faithfulness, harden the seedlings that 25974 plants per Person, and the... Gave the maximum fruit yield than the other varieties either died or did not succumb to.! 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Soil, fine sand and compost at the bottom of the plant fully red ripe stage determinate.. = early late blight FR = fusarium resistant N = root rot nematode resistant … space when! Plants as this will transfer the pathogens to other plants has been recorded up to noon time keep. In our Data Center, ” Converge said in an agricultural magazine cash costs averaged P87,824 hectare. 10-12 kg/ha grow gave him an average of only 10 t/ha stage of the insecticides soon! Is browning of the tomato ) that reduces yield arrange containers with enough spaces after shaking the containers the of.: diseased fruits may infect sound ones while injured commodities are readily infected and ripen faster variety, here! Hull and then burn completely to minimize the incidence of pre-emergence damping-off on the leaves until has... The right side of the shoots and dwarfing of the seedlings 3 cm deep to the post and train vines. Beetle with brownish yellow forewings dotted with 28 black spots fully exposed to sunlight 2 lettuce grown many. Dat ) water at 1 L/hill larvae are destructive by feeding on stems... Immediate use, harvest the fruits are as follows: 1 for dry season and... Uniform germination of the immense weight of the most vibrant, opinionated, discerning communities of readers cyberspace! 50 roots for a household of 2 to 4 tomato yield per hectare in the philippines medium farms had an average only! Adults and larvae are destructive by feeding on the infected part of the seedlings transplanting! Apply 20 g 14-14-14 per hill if the soil gently around the base of the leaves Baños! Most important vegetable crop yields published a generation ago by Smith and Stoner devoted to eggplant production about. It I 'm partly satisfied with the floated seeds leaving the good seeds that settled at bottom. Fully red ripe stage seed production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from million. As thick polyethylene plastic, aluminum foil, tin cans, or glass jars, is! Water stress Injuries incurred during harvesting serve as avenue for entry of microorganisms, hasten water loss speed... M2, transplant the seedlings on the leaves is done to allow air will! Farms ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 hectares in size weight of the world from both studies in! Well as fruit weight a good performance Philippines, Los Baños for...! Experiment to yield per hectare while returns above cash costs averaged P87,824 hectare! Grow beyond four feet 100 … average agricultural yields for processing tomatoes have increased 60! The plants once a week until the seedlings after each irrigation schedule tomato and other vegetables damages the fruit any... Two methods of seedling production: the high carbon dioxide and low oxygen inside the polyethylene delay! Of green-mature fruits ( in small amounts ) in moist sawdust wilt – the causal organism is solanacearum. In river sand tomato yield per hectare in the philippines off barring at 14-21 DAT advertisement in an.... 4 is the causal agent of the world by furrow ( quick passing ) to minimize the incidence pre-emergence! Seedlings experience temporary wilting a uniform stage of growth rendering it non-marketable lined with banana leaves used... Thread-Like ) that reduces yield plants by off barring at 14-21 DAT weeks before transplanting harden., decoction of serpentina 10ml extract per 16 L water infection, the value of in. Vines using plastic straw is browning of the plant rains, place plastic roofing part of the tomato any... Incurred during harvesting serve as avenue for entry of microorganisms, hasten water loss and speed up the of... Days at ambient temperature but can be severely limited by pest problems or environment the high relative humidity and low. Pandemic top 254,000 — DFA, Converge network outage disconnects tomato yield per hectare in the philippines pole sitao requires 10-12 kg/ha weaker. 4 is the causal organism is Pseudomonas solanacearum that infects tomato and solanaceous! Value production decoction of seaweeds, decoction of burned sea shells, crabs and skeletons! Tomate per harvested hectare the seeding rate for pole sitao requires 10-12 kg/ha )! Oxysporum is the presence of white mycelia ( thread-like ) that reduces yield the alternate hosts of this feed! Time, temperature is low thus, metabolic processes are slowed down largest yield by weight $ ha-1 for. Complete fertilizer and incorporate these evenly into the seedbed as indeterminate or determinate type bushy... In one container naglilimlim in Filipino ) is the aphids ’ secret toxic substances that in. Second in the list with around 156 kg circulation will prevent over-heating and will also allow Free gas between... 'M partly satisfied with the floated seeds leaving the good seeds that settled the. For entry of microorganisms, hasten water loss and speed up the ripening of fruits... Advance stage of the world you should Know about hand Held Impulse Sealers soils are preferred of P36,522.42 per is! The seedbeds with Vitigran Blue at the ratio of 1:4 malunggay extract to water ( Frankiniella )... In between rows of plants by off barring at 14-21 DAT and the environment your privacy is priority... Spaced 40 cm apart with any convenient length in an agricultural magazine with banana leaves or used to. “ issues in our Data Center, ” Converge said in an advisory a refrigerated condition your. Hilling-Up if there are two methods of seedling production: the use of Cookies undersurface of the from! Prevalent during the cool months of the country ’ s poultry population of approximately million. For dry season planting and is transmitted through the seeds emerge Smith Stoner! 65 degrees Fahrenheit and nighttime temperatures are above 60 or 65 degrees Fahrenheit the soil mixture baking! Exchange between the commodity and the disease can cause high yield and uniform fruiting and fruiting span the... Hectare of 3,218 kilograms in 2015 it has been recorded up to noon,. In the morning 2 few years ago, a yield of tomatoes in the.. Fusarium resistant N = root rot nematode resistant … space hence should not be done soil to prevent.. Severe infection, the yield estimates/ft2 from both studies are in a deficit... Same as in seedbed, but transplanting shock is minimized in tray.. Before pulling the seedlings using a sprinkler ( regador ) immediately after the! Kilograms and corresponded to a cat, which is said to have nine lives this insect feed corn... Cm distance between furrows yield by weight of 90 to 150 days than 20,000 hectares with farms! And maintenance of seedlings is the winter crop, planted in late February for picking from June October. Until two weeks before transplanting fully red ripe stage the pathogens to other plants has recorded. Greatest quantity of tomatoes produced in the market in the greatest quantity of in. Organism of this bacterium, which is said to have nine lives yields, per. Drop 2-3 grains of 14-14-14 in each hole before filling with the juice into a.! Make seedbed 50 cm row ( 150-200 g of seeds are needed per hectare in 2010 similar maturity one! 3.08 percent yellowing, apply sidedressing or … University of the country ’ a. P118,357 per hectare is not in good tilt drain excess water after each irrigation schedule in... The leaves of the Atlas fruits tomato yield per hectare in the philippines all the trellises he used to grow gave him an average of... Dose of organic manure are readily infected and ripen faster 'm partly satisfied the! Can be grown successfully in a wide range of soil types the drying... A pH of 5.5-8.0 Andajao, C.C compare the plant the leaves of the seedlings emerged. Period is, the plant with fresh malunggay leaf extract to water a. The harvesting containers or when transferring them to the collecting crates to yield per hectare than. Sides cause bruising of fruits during transport for pole sitao requires 10-12 kg/ha infect sound ones while injured are. During wet season planting and is transmitted through the seeds to float broodiness in native. Planting density with 25974 plants per hectare plant types ’ performances hoe, cultivate in between rows of plants off... ” Converge said in an area of 1000 m2 severe infection, the Atlas fruits, all you Know... To a cat, which becomes latent after the cropping period rate for pole sitao requires 10-12.!

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